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Views

UKSC on Traditional Rules of Jurisdiction: Brownlie v Four Seasons Holdings Incorporated

Shortly before Christmas the UKSC released its decision on jurisdiction in Brownlie v Four Seasons Holdings Incorporated (available here). Almost all the legal analysis is obiter dicta because, on the facts, it emerges that no claim against the British Columbia-based holding corporation could succeed (para 15) and the appeal is allowed on that basis. I suppose there is a back story as to why it took a trip to the UKSC and an extraordinary step by that court (para 14) for the defendant to make those facts clear, but I don’t know what it is. On the facts there are other potential defendants to the plaintiffs’ claim and time will tell whether jurisdictional issues arise for them.

The discussion of the value of the place of making a contract for jurisdiction purposes is noteworthy. In para 16 two of the judges (Sumption, Hughes) are critical of using the traditional common law rules on where a contract is made for purposes of taking jurisdiction. This has been the subject of debate in some recent Canadian decisions, notably the difference in approach between the Court of Appeal for Ontario and the Supreme Court of Canada in Lapointe Rosenstein Marchand Melançon LLP v Cassels Brock & Blackwell LLP, 2016 SCC 30 (available here). The SCC was fine with using the traditional rules for this purpose. In Brownlie, I do not think it is clear as to what view the other three judges take on this point.

Conflicts – Between Domestic and Indigenous Legal Systems?

In Beaver v Hill, 2017 ONSC 7245 (available here) the applicant sought custody, spousal support and child support. All relevant facts happened in Ontario. (more…)

NIKI continued (now in Austria)

Written by Lukas Schmidt, Research Fellow at the Center for Transnational Commercial Dispute Resolution (TCDR) of the EBS Law School, Wiesbaden, Germany

The Regional Court Korneuburg has opened a main insolvency proceeding – not a secondary insolvency proceeding that the German provisional administrator has applied for – on the assets of NIKI Luftfahrt GmbH in Austria (see here). Therefore, it obviously shares the view of the Regional Court of Berlin that NIKI’s COMI is located in Austria and not Germany. (more…)

News

Saint Petersburg State University: Call for papers on Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments: Problems and prospects

By Andrey E. Zuev, Saint Petersburg

The modern period of the development of civilization is known to increasingly impart the character of imperativeness to the principle of cooperation between states, transforming its initially basically declarative formula of relations between states into an imperative content, fixed as obligations of the states to ensure the right to a fair hearing not only at the level of formal access to justice, but also at the level of enforcement of judgments as the highest manifestation of justice in the state organization of social management.

New article on ‘The ascertainment of the applicable law in the absence of choice in India and South Africa: a shared future in the BRICS’

Written by Saloni Khanderia

Associate Professor Saloni Khanderia (Jindal Global Law School, O.P. Jindal Global University, Sonipat, India) recently published a new paper in the Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal on ‘The ascertainment of the applicable law in the absence of choice in India and South Africa: a shared future in the BRICS’. The article may be accessed here.

Casebook on CISG cases in Italy

Maura Alessandri just published Casebook sui contratti di vendita internazionale (in Italian) She kindly provided the following summary.

This year international trade law celebrates the 40th birthday of the “United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods”, adopted in Vienna on 11 April 1980 (hereinafter referred to as “CISG”).

Although the CISG has been in force in Italy since 1 January 1988, Italian companies are often not familiar with its rules and tend to ignore its existence or not to apply it  (even when it applies automatically). Case law on CISG is gaining an increasing importance in Italy.