Grounds for Refusal of Recognition of (Quasi-) Annex Judgements in the Recast European Insolvency Regulation

Written by Zoltán Fabók, Fellow of INSOL International, Counsel at DLA Piper (Hungary) and PhD Candidate at Nottingham Trent University

Insolvency-related (annex) actions and judgements fall within the scope of the Recast European Insolvency Regulation (‘Recast EIR’). That instrument both determines international jurisdiction regarding annex actions and sets up a simplified recognition system for annex judgements. However, tension between the Recast EIR’s provisions on jurisdiction and recognition arises when a court of a state different from the state of insolvency erroneously assumes jurisdiction for annex actions. Such ‘quasi-annex’ judgements rendered by foreign courts erroneously assuming jurisdiction threaten the integrity of the insolvency proceedings. Besides, the quasi-annex judgements may violate the effectiveness and efficiency of the insolvency proceedings as well as the principle of legal certainty.

Egyptian Court of Cassation on the application of the Hague Service Convention

[The author wishes to thank Justice Hossam Hesham Sadek, Vice President of the Civil and Commercial Chamber of the Court of Cassation, and reporting judge in the case at hand, for granting access to the Supreme Court’s ruling].

1.  Introduction

In a recent ruling (22/05/2017), the Egyptian Court of Cassation tackled with the issue of service of process abroad. The facts of the case were the following: The claimant (and appellant) was an Egyptian Medical Equipment company, situated in Cairo. The respondents and appellees were a Chinese company, with its seat in Nanshan district, Shenzen, the Egyptian General Organization for Import and Export Control, and an Egyptian company, with its seat in Heliopolis, Cairo.

2. Facts and instance ruling

The Justice Initiative Frankfurt am Main 2017

Written by Prof. Dr. Dres. h.c. Burkhard Hess, Executive Director Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law

Against the backdrop of Brexit, an initiative has been launched to strengthen Frankfurt as a hot spot for commercial litigation in the European Judicial Area. On March 30, 2017, the Minister of Justice of the Federal State Hessen, Ms Kühne-Hörmann, organized a conference at which the Justice Initiative was presented. More  than 120 stakeholders (lawyers, judges, businesses) attended the conference. The original paper was elaborated by Professors Burkhard Hess (Luxembourg), Thomas Pfeiffer (Heidelberg), Christian Duve (Heidelberg) and Roman Poseck (President of the Frankfurt Court of Appeal). Here, we are pleased to provide an English translation of the position paper with some additional information on German procedural law for an international audience. The proposal has, as a matter of principle, been endorsed by the Minister of Justice. Its proposals are now being discussed and shall be implemented in the next months to come. The paper reads as follows: (more…)


Webinar: Asia-Pacific Commercial Dispute Resolution in the Aftermath of the Pandemic

The COVID-19 Pandemic has impacted on commercial dispute resolution in China, Singapore and Australia. The important question is whether these impacts will be transformed into legal doctrines and shape the development of law for commercial dispute resolution in the long term.

Experienced panellists will consider how Covid-19 has promoted online trials in China, influenced forum non conveniens and other aspects of international commercial litigation in the Singapore courts, and challenged service of process outside Australia and other private-international-law related issues.

In 2021, besides this panel discussion, the Centre for Asian and Pacific Law (CAPLUS) at the Sydney Law School will organize a series of events on the (post)development of Covid-19 in the Asia-Pacific region focusing on social justice, civil rights and religion, and trade and investment legal issues.


Professor Vivienne Bath’s teaching and research interests are in international business and economic law, private international law and Chinese law. Professor Bath has extensive professional experience in Sydney, New York and Hong Kong, specialising in international commercial law, with a focus on foreign investment and commercial transactions in China and the Asian region.


Dr. Wenliang Zhang is an Associate Professor at Renmin University of China Law School. He has been teaching and doing research in the field of international disputes resolution, with a focus on international jurisdiction and global judgments recognition. His works appear in peer-reviewed international journals including Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Journal of International Dispute Settlement, Yearbook of Private International Law and Chinese Journal of International Law.

Dr. Adeline Chong is an Associate Professor at the School of Law, Singapore Management University. She has published in leading peer-reviewed journals such as the LQR, ICLQ, LMCLQ and JPIL. She is the co-author of Hill and Chong, International Commercial Disputes: Commercial Conflict of Laws in English Courts (Oxford, Hart, 4th edn, 2010). She is the Project Lead of the Asian Business Law Institute’s project on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Asia. Her work has been cited by the Singapore, Hong Kong, New South Wales and New Zealand Court of Appeals, the Singapore and New Zealand High Courts, the UK Law Commission, as well as in leading texts on conflict of laws. She has appeared as an expert on Singapore law before a Finnish court and issued a declaration on Singapore law for a US class action.

Dr. Jie (Jeanne) Huang is an Associate Professor at the Sydney Law School. She teaches and researches in the fields of private international law and digital trade. She has published four books and authored many articles in peer-reviewed law journals, such as Journal of Private International Law and Journal of International Economic Law. She is the Deputy Director of CAPLUS. She also serves as an Arbitrator at the Hong Kong International Arbitration Center, Shanghai International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (Shanghai International Arbitration Center), Nanjing Arbitration Commission and Xi’an Arbitration Commission. She has also appeared as an expert witness for issues of Chinese law and private international law at the courts in Australia and the US.

Webinar via Zoom, Friday 12 March, 1pm AEST.

Once registered, you will receive Zoom details closer to the date of the webinar.

Webinar: “Regional Migration Governance: Soft Law and the Diffusion of Policies on Integration and Inclusion” (March 9, 2021)

You are kindly invited for the conference on “Regional Migration Governance: Soft Law and the Diffusion of Policies on Integration and Inclusion (Focus on South America Regionalism)” by Dr. Verónica Ruiz Abou-Nigm (senior Lecturer in Private International Law at Edinburgh Law School and the principal investigator of the GCRF funded project Migration in Latin America (MiLA)) on March 9, 2021, Tuesday between 12.30-13.30 (GMT+3). The conference is organised by Bilkent University as a part of the Talks on Migration Series within the Jean Monnet Module on European and International Migration Law. It will be held via zoom, free of charge. Please contact us ( for participation.

Today Israel signed the HCCH 2005 Choice of Court Convention and the HCCH 2019 Judgments Convention

Today (3 March 2021) Israel signed the HCCH Convention of 30 June 2005 on Choice of Court Agreements (2005 Choice of Court Convention) and the HCCH Convention of 2 July 2019 on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil or Commercial Matters (2019 Judgments Convention). The HCCH news item is available here.

It should be noted that in order to consent to be bound by the treaties, Israel would need to deposit an instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval for each treaty. In the meantime, a signatory State has the obligation not to defeat the object and purpose of a treaty prior to its entry into force (article 18 of the UN Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties).