Dutch Journal of PIL (NIPR) – issue 2023/2

The latest issue of the Dutch Journal on Private International Law (NIPR) has been published.


NIPR 2023 issue 2



C.G. van der Plas / p. 197



K.C. Henckel, Issues of conflicting laws – a closer look at the EU’s approach to artificial intelligence / p. 199-226


While newly emerging technologies, such as Artificial intelligence (AI), have a huge potential for improving our daily lives, they also possess the ability to cause harm. As part of its AI approach, the European Union has proposed several legislative acts aiming to accommodate and ensure the trustworthiness of AI. This article discusses the potential private international law impact of these legislative proposals. In doing so, it – inter alia – addresses how the newly proposed legislative acts interact with existing private international law instruments, such as the Rome II Regulation. In addition, it questions whether there is a need for specific rules on the private international law of AI.

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Law Matters—Less Than We Thought, by Holger Spamann & Daniel M. Klerman

Holger Spamann and Daniel Klerman recently conducted a most interesting experiment on judicial behavior in the context of conflict of laws, the results of which have been pre-published by the Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization. They have kindly provided the following summary for the readers of this blog (who may access the full paper here):

Modern American choice of law has been much criticized for giving judges too much discretion. In particular, Brilmayer and others predict that the use of open-ended standards, such as the Restatement Second’s “most significant relationship” test, will enable judges to decide disputes in biased ways, including a bias in favor of plaintiffs. In contrast, critics argue that the more rules-based approach – such as the lex loci delicti principle that prevailed in America before the 1960s and that, in large part, continues to apply in much of the world – would be more predictable and less subject to bias. We designed an experiment involving US federal judges to test whether the modern American, standards-based approach is, in fact, less predictable and more subject to bias. We find that the rules-based approach may constrain more than the modern standards-based approach, although even under seemingly clear rules judicial decisions were less predictable than we expected. Judges under neither the lex loci rule nor that “most significant relationship” standard exhibited a bias towards the more sympathetic party, although we did detect some pro-plaintiff bias under both the rule and the standard. Somewhat surprisingly, we also found that judges who were supposed to apply the modern “most significant relationship” standard tended to decide according to lex loci delicti rule.

Save the Date! Talk on BRICS Private International Law on 18 July 2023

On 18 July 2023, The Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law, Hamburg, will host a ‘Talk’ on ‘The Role of Private International Law in the Adjudication of Cross-Border Civil and Commercial Disputes in BRICS: Some Reciprocal Lessons’ from 11 AM – 12.30 PM (CEST) as a part of their ‘Conflict Club’ which is scheduled every Tuesday. The talk will be delivered virtually by Professor Saloni Khanderia, who, as many may know, is the co-author of the leading commentary on Indian Private International Law that was published in 2021 by Hart/Bloomsbury Publications.

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Out Now: The Recognition and Enforcement of Punitive Damages Judgments Across the Globe – Insights from Various Continents, by Cedric Vanleenhove & Lotte Meurkens

Maastricht Law Series officially released the recent book edited by Dr Cedric Vanleenhove (Assistant Professor of Private International Law at Ghent University and Maître de Conferences at the HEC Management School of the University of Liège) and Dr Lotte Meurkens (Assistant Professor of Private Law at Maastricht University) titled The Recognition and Enforcement of Punitive Damages Judgments Across the Globe – Insights from Various Continents (Eleven, The Hague, 2023).

The description of the book reads as follows:

Thus far, private international law issues relating to punitive damages have mainly been dealt with from the perspective of several European countries. Systematic research into countries outside Europe was lacking up until

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Commentaries on Private International Law-the Latest Issue

We are pleased to present the newest Commentaries on Private International Law (Vol. 6, Issue 1), the newsletter of the American Society of International Law (ASIL) Private International Law Interest Group (PILIG). The primary purpose of our newsletter is to communicate global news on PIL. Accordingly, the newsletter attempts to transmit information on new developments on PIL rather than provide substantive analysis, in a non-exclusive manner, with a view of providing specific and concise information that our readers can use in their daily work. These updates on developments on PIL may include information on new laws, rules and regulations; new judicial and arbitral decisions; new treaties and conventions; new scholarly work; new conferences; proposed new pieces of legislation; and the like.

This issue has two sections. Section one contains Highlights on the application of the CISG in Latin American countries, and PIL and the protection of children. Section two reports on the recent developments on PIL in Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, and South America.


The latest PILIG newsletter can be accessed here Summer 2023 ASIL Newsletter

HCCH Monthly Update: June 2023

Conventions & Instruments

On 23 June 2023, Paraguay deposited its instrument of accession to the 1965 Service Convention and the 1970 Evidence Convention. With the accession of Paraguay, the 1965 Service Convention now has 82 Contracting Parties. It will enter into force for Paraguay on 1 January 2024 subject to the Article 28 procedure. As for the 1970 Evidence Convention, with the accession of Paraguay it now has 66 Contracting Parties. It will enter into force for Paraguay on 22 August 2023. More information is available here.


Publications & Documentation

On 6 June 2023, the Permanent Bureau of the HCCH announced the publication of the Toolkit for Preventing and Addressing Illicit Practices in Intercountry Adoption. The Toolkit is intended to assist in the proper implementation and operation of the 1993 Adoption Convention, by providing practical guidelines on what must be done to identify, prevent, and address illicit practices and their enabling factors. More information is available here.

On 21 June 2023, the Permanent Bureau of the HCCH announced the publication of the HCCH’s Strategic Plan for 2023-2028. The Strategic Plan 2023-2028 outlines the mandate and mission of the HCCH, sets out the three strategic goals pursued by the Organisation to fulfil them, and enshrines the guiding principles behind all aspects of the HCCH’s operations. More information is available here. Read more

Praxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts (IPRax) 4/2023: Abstracts

The latest issue of the „Praxis des Internationalen Privat- und Verfahrensrechts (IPRax)“ features the following articles:

(These abstracts can also be found at the IPRax-website under the following link: https://www.iprax.de/en/contents/)

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Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale (RDIPP) No 1/2023: Abstracts

 The first issue of 2023 of the Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale (RDIPP, published by CEDAM) was just released. It features:

Francesco Salerno, (formerly) Professor at the University of Ferrara, L’impatto della procedura di interpretazione pregiudiziale sul diritto internazionale privato nazionale (The Impact of the Preliminary Rulings of the Court of Justice on National Private International Law; in Italian)

The European Court of Justice’s uniform interpretation of private international law concerns mainly – albeit not only – the EU Regulations adopted pursuant to Article 81 TFEU: in the context of this activity, the Court also takes into account the distinctive features of EU Member States. The increasing number of autonomous notions developed by the Court greatly enhanced the consistency and the effectiveness of the European rules. Against this background, the Italian judicial authorities implemented such a case-law even when it ran counter well-established domestic legal principles. Moreover, the European institutions rarely questioned the case-law of the Court of Justice, but when they did so, they adopted new rules of private international law in order to “correct” a well-settled jurisprudential trend of the Court.

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EU-ADAPT App launched

Readers of this blog will certainly enjoy trying


It is the result of a project coordinated by Afonso Patrão (University of Coimbra, in Portugal), joining efforts with the Universities of Heidelberg (Germany), Turku (Finland), Genoa (Italy) and Valencia (Spain), which will be useful when a right in rem is invoked under the law applicable to succession, but the lex rei sitae does not know such right in rem. As Afonso Patrão explains “the app will then suggest an equivalent under the law of the latter Member State, taking into account the aims and the interests pursued by the specific right in rem and the effects attached to it”.

Virtual Workshop (in German) on July 4: Robert Freitag on The Overdue Reform of the International Law on Names in Germany

On Tuesday, July 4, 2023, the Hamburg Max Planck Institute will host its 35th monthly virtual workshop Current Research in Private International Law at 14:00-15:30 CEST. Robert Freitag (FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg) will speak, in German, about the topic

The Overdue Reform of the International Law on Names in Germany

The presentation will be followed by open discussion. All are welcome. More information and sign-up here.

If you want to be invited to these events in the future, please write to veranstaltungen@mpipriv.de.