The Justice Initiative Frankfurt am Main 2017

Written by Prof. Dr. Dres. h.c. Burkhard Hess, Executive Director Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for Procedural Law

Against the backdrop of Brexit, an initiative has been launched to strengthen Frankfurt as a hot spot for commercial litigation in the European Judicial Area. On March 30, 2017, the Minister of Justice of the Federal State Hessen, Ms Kühne-Hörmann, organized a conference at which the Justice Initiative was presented. More  than 120 stakeholders (lawyers, judges, businesses) attended the conference. The original paper was elaborated by Professors Burkhard Hess (Luxembourg), Thomas Pfeiffer (Heidelberg), Christian Duve (Heidelberg) and Roman Poseck (President of the Frankfurt Court of Appeal). Here, we are pleased to provide an English translation of the position paper with some additional information on German procedural law for an international audience. The proposal has, as a matter of principle, been endorsed by the Minister of Justice. Its proposals are now being discussed and shall be implemented in the next months to come. The paper reads as follows: (more…)

Paris, the Jurisdiction of Choice?

On January 17th, the President of the Paris Commercial Court (Tribunal de commerce) inaugurated a new international division.

The new division, which is in fact the 3rd division of the court (3ème Chambre), is to be staffed with nine judges who speak foreign languages, and will therefore be able to assess evidence written in a foreign language. For now, the languages will be English, German and Spanish, as one juge speaking Spanish and two speaking German are currently on the court.

In an interview to the Fondation de droit continental (Civil law initiative), the President of the Court explained that the point was to make French justice more competitive and attract international cases. It also made clear that France was following Germany’s lead, where several international divisions were established in 2009 in Hamburg and Cologne.

French Commercial Courts

It should be pointed out to readers unfamiliar with the French legal system that French commercial courts are not staffed with professional judges, but with members of the business community working part-time at the court (and for free). In Paris, however, many of these judges work in the legal department of their company, and are thus fine lawyers.

Also, French commercial courts (and French civil courts generally) virtually never hear witnesses, so the issue of the language in which they may address the court does not arise.

Some issues

So, the new international division will be able to read documents in several foreign languages. However, nothing suggests that parties or lawyers will be able either to speak, or to write pleadings, in any other language than French. Lawyers arguing these cases will still need to file their pleadings in French, and thus to translate them in English beforehand for their clients. Furthermore, the interview of the Court’s President seems to suggest that using a foreign language will not be a right for the parties. Quite to the contrary, it seems that it will not be possible if one of the parties disagrees, and demands documents be translated in French.

Will that be enough to attract additional commercial cases to Paris?

I wonder whether introducing class actions in French civil procedure would have been more efficient in this respect.

For the full interview of the Court’s President, see after the jump.



Call for Papers and Panels: “Identities on the move – Documents cross borders” Final Conference

by Paul Patreider

The European Project “DXB – Identities on the move – Documents cross borders” aims at facilitating the dissemination and implementation of Regulation (EU) 2016/1191 in the everyday practice of several EU Member States, improve the knowledge of the links between circulation of public documents, fundamental rights and freedom of movement, ensure a sound implementation of the Regulation for “hard cases” and raise awareness among registrars and legal practitioners. The partnership is supported by a consortium of academic institutions and associations of registrars. More information on the Project and its partners on the official website.

DxB’s Final Conference takes place on 23–24 June 2022 at the premises of A.N.U.S.C.A.’s Academy in Castel San Pietro Terme, Bologna (Italy). The conference will offer a unique opportunity to take stock of the implementation status of Regulation (EU) 2016/1191. The event will also launch the Commentary and the EU-wide comparative survey placing the Regulation in the context of daily national practice.

The Conference will be a truly international event, gathering scholars, registrars, public administrators, political scientists, judges, PhD students and practitioners from all over Europe. Translation services are offered in English, Italian and German. To ensure wide participation as well as the variety of topics and viewpoints, we are pleased to announce a Call for Papers & Panels.


Regulation (EU) 2016/1191 on promoting the free movement of citizens by simplifying the requirements for presenting certain public documents has so far gone largely unnoticed in scholarly debates and practitioners’ discussions. As issues related to the circulation and mutual recognition of authentic instruments in civil status and criminal matters are becoming more and more pressing, the Regulation represents a great opportunity to strengthen the principles and values of the European Union.

Given the strict connection between the scientific and practical dimension of Regulation 2016/1191, authors are invited to examine how this act is currently implemented in the context of national civil status systems and fundamental rights. They should explore the potential positive impact on the freedom of movement of European citizens and on the enjoyment of their fundamental rights as well as focus on critical aspects and deficiencies of the current legal framework.

We encourage applicants to submit proposals for papers and panels related to the Regulation and its context. Possible topics include:

  • The creation of a common European civil status framework;
  • The notion of “public document” under the Regulation and similar instruments (e.g. formal and substantial requirements) and under domestic law;
  • The circulation of criminal records;
  • Problems arising from the lack of standardized definitions shared by all Member States (e.g. “crime”, “sex”, “intended parent”, “intersex” );
  • The impact of the Regulation on the effective exercise of the freedom of movement;
  • Connections between EU citizenship, national citizenship status, and circulation of public documents;
  • Case-law of the Court of Justice influencing the interpretation and implementation of the Regulation, with special regard to the Charter of Fundamental Rights and the ECHR;
  • Exercise of electoral rights and the circulation of public documents under Article 2.2. of the Regulation;
  • Analysis of “hard cases” when applying the Regulation (e.g. marriages celebrated by religious authorities as third-country public documents etc.);
  • The Regulation in comparison to the ICCS Conventions and other relevant international conventions (e.g. the Hague Apostille Convention (1961));
  • E-Justice Portal tools (e.g. the multilingual form-filling system) and the efficiency of the Internal Market Information System (IMI) in the event of doubts as to the veracity of the documents, or the authenticity of the authority that signed them;
  • The digitalization of documents and their circulation; how to ensure the authenticity of digital documents (both native digital size or digital copies of a paper original); forms of electronic signature or seals, with special regard to electronic signatures governed by the eIDAS Regulation and country-specific standards;
  • Extension of the scope of the Regulation to public documents relating to, among others, the legal status and representation of a company or other undertakings, diplomas, certificates and other evidence of formal qualifications, officially recognised disabilities, etc. (see article 23 of the Regulation);
  • Critical issues related to multilingual standard forms (regional/local linguistic minorities; public documents for which multilingual standard forms are not yet established by the Regulation etc.).


Participation is not restricted to lawyers or to established scholars. We welcome registrars, public administrators, professionals, practitioners, doctoral students. We welcome proposals that offer multi-disciplinary perspectives from various areas of law (including European, civil, administrative, comparative, international, criminal, and labour law), as well as from scholars in the humanities and the social sciences (e.g. history, economics, political science, sociology) with an interest in the Conference’s themes. We also welcome submissions from both senior and junior scholars (including doctoral students) as well as interested practitioners.


  • Submit your PAPER proposal with an abstract of a maximum of 500 words and 5 keywords. The abstract must also contain Title, Name, Affiliation (e.g. university, institution, professional association), Country and E-mail address.
  • Submit your PANEL proposal with an abstract of a maximum of 800 words and 5 keywords. We welcome a state-of-the art symposium or a round-table providing on key issues. Fully formed panel proposals should include at least three and no more than five presentations by scholars or practitioners who have agreed in advance to participate. Panel proposals should also identify one panel chair/moderator. Include: title of the panel, names of speakers and of the chair/moderator and their affiliation (e.g. university, institution, professional association), title of each presentation (if applicable), e-mail address of panel participants, language(s) to be used.

We encourage submissions in English. However, as part of the vision of a truly European conference, paper and panel proposals will also be accepted in Italian and German.

Selected paper authors will receive further information on the publication of the proceedings.

Submission templates for paper & panel proposal are available on the DXB website.


Send proposals to: Indicate in the e-mail subject line: “Conference call – name of the (lead) author (or moderator) – Title of the paper or panel proposal”.

The deadline for submitting the paper or panel abstract proposal is 22 December 2021.

Applicants will be informed about the outcome of the abstract selection process no later than 15 January 2022. If successfully selected, full papers must be submitted by 15 April 2022.


The draft of the Conference Programme will be published on 1st March 2022. The final Conference Programme with all panel sessions will become available on 25 April 2022.

Registration for the Conference opens on the DXB website on 15 January and closes on 20 May 2022.

The event will be held in person, in compliance with the current health safety regulations, and will also be broadcast online via live streaming with free access.

Onsite participants will need a Covid-19 digital certificate (Green Pass), or equivalent certificate recognized under Italian law, if still so required by the Authorities at the time of the conference.

N.B. All speakers and moderators, including those invited under the call, are required to attend the event in person.

Registration fee: it includes conference materials, shuttle service (see website for details), tea/coffee and lunch refreshments as well as the certificate of attendance.

Ordinary fee: 80 Euros

Reduced student fee (including Ph.D. students): 40 Euros

Check the Project website for updates.

This project was funded by the European Union’s Justice Programme (2014–2020). Project number: 101007502. The content of this Call represents the views of the partners only and is their sole responsibility. The European Commission does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains.

Mag. Paul Patreider, Institut für Italienisches Recht, Fachbereich Privatrecht, Universität Innsbruck

Out now: Liber Amicorum Monika Pauknerová

On October 18, 2021 Professor Monika Pauknerová, professor for private international law and international trade law at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic, celebrated a significant jubilee. Colleagues and friends from many countries contributed to a liber amicorum to her honour:

Magdalena Pfeiffer, Jan Brodec, Petr Bríza and Marta Zavadilová (eds.). Liber Amicorum Monika Pauknerová. Praha: Wolters Kluwer ?R, 2021, 552 p. ISBN 978-80-7676-186-5.  The publication contains 47 contributions in English, Czech and Slovak, most of them on private international law.


Nadia de Araujo and Marcelo De Nardi
International Jurisdiction in Civil or Commercial Matters: HCCH´s New Challenge

Jürgen Basedow
International Transport Conventions and the European Union

Paul Beaumont and Jayne Holliday
Habitual Residence in Child Abduction Cases: The Hybrid Approach Is Now the Norm bur How Much Weight Should Be Given to Parental Intention?

Alexander J. Belohlávek
Conflicting Interpretations of International Treaties

Karel Beran
Cím se liší „právní entita“ od právnické osoby (úvaha nad „jinou než fyzickou
osobou“ podle § 30 odst. 1 z. m. p. s.)

Michael Bogdan
Article 36 of the EU Insolvency Regulation and the Treatment of General
Priority Rights

Jan Brodec
Vliv lex loci arbitri na prubeh mezinárodní obchodní arbitráže

Petr Bríza
Determination of the Law Applicable to a Share Transfer Agreement: Are All
Doubts Dispelled after the TVP Case?

Giuditta Cordero-Moss
Private International Law in Arbitration

Elizabeth B Crawford and Janeen M Carruthers
The Incurious Curia

Stanislava Cerná
Stát jako ovládající osoba

Lucie Dolanská Bányaiová
Jak moc musí být cizí rozsudek vykonatelný?

Katerina Eichlerová
EMCA – inspirace (nejen) pri vymezení požadavk? na oznacení pobocky

Richard Fentiman
Foreign Law as Local Law: a Case of Mistaken Identity?

Zuzana Fišerová
Zamyšlení nad kolizní úpravou pro rozvod manželství s mezinárodním prvkem
aneb nastal cas, aby CR pristoupila k narízení ?ím III?

Cristina González Beilfuss
Prorogation of Jurisdiction in Parental Responsibility Matters under Regulation
(EU) No. 2019/1111

Trevor Hartley
The Concept of a Consumer under Brussels I: the Petruchová Case

Elena Júdová
Špeciálne režimy v európskom medzinárodnom práve súkromnom

Zdenek Kapitán
Mezinárodní pravomoc ceských soudu ve vecech péce o deti založená na
státním obcanství

Catherine Kessedjian
Mediation for Disputes in Investment Matters

Zdenek Kühn
Vztah ceské Ústavy k mezinárodnímu právu

Ivana Kunda
Overriding Mandatory Provisions before the CJEU: Takaways or Getaways?

Tuula Linna
Sustainability and Insolvency Proceedings

Alena Macková a Filip Crncevic
Systém mimosoudního rešení sporu spotrebitel? v CR perspektivou ADR

Peter Mankowski
Presumptions, Escape Clauses and Protective Regimes under the Rome
I Regulation

Milan Müller
Mezinárodní postoupení pohledávek a jeho úcinky na tretí strany ve svetle
pripravované nové evropské právní úpravy

Hans Ulrich Jessurun d’Oliveira
“Latent” Citizens. What Do They Tell Us about the Concept of Citizenship?

Jan Ondrej
Smlouvy o mezinárodní preprave se zamerením na Úmluvu o prepravní
smlouve v mezinárodní silnicní nákladní doprav? a její provádení v právu CR

Daniel Patek
Úcinky (nekalé) souteže

Marta Pertegás Sender
Cross-Border Liability Cases in the European Union: No Good Match with the
Special Jurisdiction Rules of the Brussels I Regulation?

Magdalena Pfeiffer
The Cinderella Treatment of Foreign Arbitral Awards in the Czech
Enforcement Procedure

Fausto Pocar
Brief Remarks on the Relationship between the Hague Judgments and Choice
of Court Conventions

Helena Prášková
Konsenzuální a smírná rešení rozporu ve verejné správe

Ilaria Pretelli
Three Patterns, One Law: Plea for a Reinterpretation of The Hague Child
Abduction Convention To Protect Children from Exposure to Sexism,
Misogyny and Violence Against Women

Elena Rodríguez Pineau
Parallel Litigation in Proceedings Relating to Data Protection

Nadežda Rozehnalová
Cesta k soucasnému uchopení imperativních predpis?

Kvetoslav Ružicka
Náklady stran v rozhodcím rízení

Pavel Simon
Potíže spojené s ur?ením místn? p?íslušného soudu ve sporech s mezinárodním
prvkem aneb o zbyte?nosti § 11 odst. 3 o. s. ?.

Michal Skrejpek
Commercium inter gentes

Josef Staša
Cel?eprávní procesní mix po cesku

Pavel Svoboda
Trnitá cesta ke kodexu unijního správního práva procesního

Pavel Šturma
Pojem due diligence v mezinárodním investicním právu

Zbynek Švarc
Odpovednost dopravce za škodu v mezinárodní silnicní preprave zboží

Michal Tomášek
Nejpríznivejší sudište japonských šógunu

Aukje A.H. van Hoek
The Declaratory Judgment—between Remedy and Procedural Technique

Spyridon Vrellis
Family Reunification in Greek Immigration Law

Marta Zavadilová
Kulhající manželství osob stejného pohlaví

For further information see here.

ASADIP: XIV Conference will be held from 4 to 5 November 2021 online (mainly in Spanish but simultaneous interpretation English-Spanish will be provided on the first day of the conference)

The American Association of Private International Law (ASADIP) will be holding its annual XIV conference entitled “Private International Law and Modern Technologies” on 4-5 November 2021 for the first time online.

There is a full website dedicated to this conference, click here.

The Conference will be mostly in Spanish (with a few exceptions) but simultaneous English-Spanish interpretation will be provided on the first day of the conference, which has been made possible thanks to the Organization of American States (OAS).

The programme is available here. Many international organisations will take part in this conference, notably the OAS, UNCITRAL, HCCH, and UNIDROIT.

The Conference has many interesting panels but perhaps it is worth noting the one taking place on Thursday 4 November at 14:15 – 16:00 h (Argentinean time, 18:15 – 20:00 CET time) – PANEL II – “Blockchain, contratos inteligentes y Derecho internacional privado” (Blockchain, intelligent contracts and Private International Law), where Giesela Rühl, a editor and former general editor, will be participating along with Matthias Lehmann, Luis Ernesto Rodríguez Carrera and Alfonso Ortega Giménez. As previously indicated, simultaneous English-Spanish interpretation will be provided on that day.

The Conference is free of charge and no previous registration is required. The platform that will be used is KUDO and there are four links that have been provided to join the conference, one for each session. Participants will be allowed as “spectators” and their cameras and microphones will be deactivated but it will nonetheless be possible to use the chat function with the moderator to ask questions.

To join each session, participants must click on the provided link (for the specific session) and enter their full name and their professional affiliation. For more information on how to join, click here and see below.

First session (morning) / Thursday 4 November
Hora: 9:45 am a 1:00 pm (Horario Argentina)
Meeting ID: 110112440372

Second session (afternoon) / Thursday 4 November
Hora: 2:15 pm a 5:30 pm (Horario Argentina)
Meeting ID: 110111239295

Third session (morning) / Friday 5 November
Hora: 9:45 am a 2:00 pm (Horario Argentina)
Meeting ID: 110115267689

Fourth Session (afternoon) / Friday 5 November
Hora: 3:00 pm a 5:30 pm (Horario Argentina)
Meeting ID: 110115948325